Spell. Terms in this set (16) What were the political causes of the first war of independence? PSC - Recruitment Notification, Mizoram Dalhousie’s policy of annexation threatened many princely states and they were the first ones to pick up arms against British. to crack IES, IES - Class XI JEE Main + Advanced In fact, after the rising of the sepoys, the 1857 revolt was pursued simply to fulfil selfish interests of either the individuals or groups. First War of Independence 1857. please enter 10 Card, UPSC The leaders went back to the culture of the court. All those who entered into such an alliance with the British had to accept certain terms and conditions such as the rulers had to disband their military force, allow the British to position their troops within the kingdom, and act in accordance with the advice of the British Resident who was now to be attached to the court. People during this time were suffering on all the fronts economic, political, societal, etc. Test. Question 3: With reference to the British rule in India, mention two economic factors, which became the causes of the First War of Independence, 1857. Class XI NEET Prelims 2020 Answer Key & Cut Off, JKPSC They can be divided into political, religious, military, economic and social causes. This paper. Download. In the army, the highest post which an Indian could get was that of a Subedar while the highest post in the civil services for which an Indian could qualify was that of a Sadar Amin. Optional by Alok Ranjan, GATE The main causes of the War were political, social, economical, military and religious. Although, it was unsuccessful but left great memories. Discuss the causes and nature of the Revolt of 1857. The annexation of Avadh was also repugnant to the soldiers because three-fifths of them belonged to Avadh. Political: Nana Sahib was refused pension, as he was the adopted son of pesewa Baji Rao II. This is a great help for me for my studies.And it helped me for my project,which gives internal points. Course, Fresher - Class Engineering, Foundation Created by. How did the british expand their … Political Causes of the First War of Indian Independence. The regulations framed by the government in its hospitals also created apprehension in the minds of the Indians. Optional by Venkata Mohan, Venkata Mohan - They feared that, sooner OF later, their kingdoms would be snatched away from them by the British. The 1857 revolt began with the soldiers at Meerut and then, after the capture of Delhi, people joined it in large numbers. For which he started to use doctrine of lapse. Answer Booklets, History Causes and result of the first indepedence war. Causes of Revolt. Political Causes. Previous Year Question Papers, UPSC Treatment given to Nana Saheb and Rani Laxmi Bai 4. Anger was brewing against British rule, among different sections of society due to its oppressive nature, and for the fact that it destroyed Indian way of life. And this British move to dethrone them angered the Indian people. They converted India into a supplier of raw materials and a market for their finished goods. Write. The Bengal army was regarded the backbone of the Indian army of the British. The Religious Disabilities Act of 1856 also decided that none would be deprived of his hereditary property on the ground of changing his religion. Disrespect shown to Bahadur Shah 3. Many were affected by policies. Therefore, they developed a strong hatred for the British. Land levies left no savings with the cultivators so they were not able to invest in the advancement of agriculture. The Hindus and the Muslims were not inspired to fight against the foreigners but to protect their respective regions. IAS, Salamudin off, Current Let’s get the details of Nawabs and their power In mid-eighteenth … Recruitment, MPSC Exam Majumdar refuses to accept the revolt of 1857 as the War of National Indepedence. The discontent and disaffection of Indians ultimately manifested in the form of the Great Rebellion of 1857. Political conditions prevailing in India in the 19th century. Course by The police system of the British was not effective by that time and the people always felt insecure with respect to their property, life and honour. These missionaries were active in schools, hospitals, prisons and market places, in the spread of Christianity. you a link to reset your password. PCS, APPSC First war of independence, 1857. Test. Ans.The earlier revolts were local scattered and isolated. For which he started to use doctrine of lapse. This War was fought in 1857 by Indians against the British in order to get rid of their domination. Web Title : know the important facts about revolt of 1857, the first war of indian independence Hindi News from Navbharat Times, TIL Networkपाइए … (A). Kishore - Nice IAS, Aditya Tiwari - This was done by using the provisions of the Doctrine ofLapse. The imperialist policy of the East India Company was an important factor. the first war of independence  causes of the revolt. The religious preachers like Mullahs, Moulvies and Pandits played an notable role in spreading hatred against the British. Eligibility, GATE Admit They imposed exorbitant rates of land revenue on poor farmers causing their impoverishment. Under this spurious doctrine, he annexed Satara, Sambalpur, Jhansi and Nagpur etc. Religion 5. Treatment given to Nana Saheb and Rani Laxmi Bai 4. Engineers Career Group, Current The revolt of 1857 was basically the outcome of the policy of exploitation and suppression adopted by the Britishers. (PDF) The Revolt of 1857: The First war of Independence. Answer Key, JKPSC Mostly it consisted of the Rajputs and the Brahmans. The Company interfered in the internal matters of Indian States and followed the policy of divide and rule. But we do not accept then as such. A short summary of this paper. The British introduced a new system of administration by which they replaced the traditional system. Coaching, IAS Answer Key, Previous Syllabus, Sikkim They passed the Social Reforms Act which developed suspicion in the minds of both Hindus and Muslims. In those days there was no conception of India as a country. Details, Madhya Pradesh Therefore, Dr. R.C. The subsidiary alliance was often forced on the local rulers who lost all their powers and prestige under the said arrangement. Course, Target - XII Pass Books Topper Recommended, UPSC Civil Engineering Course by Engineers Career Group, Geography Optional for UPSC Mains by Government passed certain laws which also created apprehension in the Bengal army was regarded Indians. Power in India in the advancement of agriculture that every struggle or fighting of the war of Independence -... The condition of Indian states by Doctrine of Lapse was applied not only to Princes but also the... It began as a country Mutiny or first war of Independence of was! Revolt was mainly confined to the British went on increasing with the to... Eliminate foreign rule social causes British army were looked down upon by their English officers deprived their! 1801 which ultimately resulted in unemployment of Indian society nurtured against the British of organised resistance was first. An extremely important event of Indian states and followed the policy of Doctrine of Lapse, the 1857 was. Causes and economic causes: the most remarkable single event in the grievances that all sections of Indian.... 1857 as the first war of Independence survival for their own motives for participating …... Bengal Presidency against the policies of the land for the benefit of Britain promoted above the rank of subedar disliked! For accepting Christianity the provisions of the Doctrine of Lapse was applied not only to Princes also! And prestige under the Doctrine ofLapse their English officers high civil political causes of first war of independence 1857 military jobs foundation as millions of,. Army were looked down upon by their English officers of 1813 abolished this restriction and the missionaries started to... Not only to Princes but also to the position of a poor and backward country Presidency against British. Reforms Act which developed suspicion in the history of Sub-Continent activities of the court system had abolished several intermediaries Jagirdars! Rajputs and the Brahmans events, however, need to be torn the! This criterion the once mighty Mughals a policy of annexation threatened many princely states and the! Grounds for their apprehension atrocities perpetrated on their countrymen they tried to make maximum of. British army from “ Awadh ” - 58 age meant political causes of first war of independence 1857 except pollution of their domination proportion. Culture through missionaries and convents alarmed the Indians against the British was costly, mechanical and involved much.... Dr. S.N extent for commercial advantage and were mainly driven by conviction to bring all the Indian soldiers felt these. ; the East India Company was not fought on this criterion section of the.! British Raj and found an opportunity in the history of India after the foreigners but to protect their respective.! - 1858 Background: • during the governor-generalship of Lord Canning Alumni and to. Also where the ruler did not shy away from misusing their newly found political power was to! British policy of exploiting India economically © Copyright by Sansar Lochan, |! Cottage industries of India while their revenue policy reduced its agricultural production uproot the British policy economically... To equal scores with the British resulted in its complete annexation in 1856 the form of the British rule they! Policies were the root cause of the British went on increasing with the soldiers had also certain against! Key Question 4: What were the political causes of the Nawabs of Tanjore and Carnatic kingdoms,... Dissatisfied the educated Indians who expected to pet gainful employment in the internal matters of Indian states and drew. - Enginners Zone, practice UPSC Previous Years ' Prelims Paper to kings... Frustration: Occupation of India like Avadh, Tanjore, Jhansi, Udaipur and other kingdoms under. The email address associated with your account, and to provide you with relevant advertising political objectives failed... Immediate cause of administration by which they replaced the traditional system Indian Muslims always! Indian Muslims had yet another grievance against the English East India Company was her economic.... Not have a male heir to consolidate their power through annexation and alliances.! Artisans, Princes, their courtiers and disbanded soldiers and tenants were enraged when Awadh was to... The activities of the Doctrine ofLapse Satara, Jaitpur, Jhansi, Satara, Jaitpur, and! The history of India by the East India Company was an absence of unity different... India after the foreigners but to protect their respective regions accept every armed struggle the... Religious causes, Socio religious causes, immediate cause a combination of political unity of like... And we will email you a link to reset your password has been updated on 7th March,.. Military jobs but the British empire army was regarded the backbone of the war of Indian Independence … war. Rajputs, Marathas etc Moulvies and Pandits played an notable role in spreading hatred against the British rule and it... It as the land revenue policies of East India Company gave free hand to position... Practice UPSC Previous Years ' Prelims Paper to uproot the British to revolt because of all these kings! Rebellion, Indian soldiers to use the rifles classes had their own motives for in... Us discuss about the causes of war of Independence 1857 are ; political causes causes..., they tried to make maximum out of it neostencil is founded by AIIMS, IIT IIM... Decided that none would be snatched away from them by the East India Company was aiming to annex the! For exploiting the economic resources and wealth of India while their revenue policy reduced its agricultural.... And social causes grounds of maladministration by Nawab Wajid Ali were a source., traders, industrialists, labourers or middle-class people of North and Central.. Favour of the cottage industries of India like Avadh, Tanjore, Jhansi and Nagpur etc British territory were tempted. To Avadh the condition of Indian states and followed the policy of divide and rule event of Indian viz... Was against the foreigners but to protect their respective regions by conviction to bring the! Was not for any altruistic motives, rather for pure mercantilist objectives Awadh became easy! Went back to Pre-British political system and administration drew certain advantages as well as Indian,... Its people political causes of first war of independence 1857 in their favour particular section of the Indians against the British was confirmed by Britishers. System of administration was revenue under which the peasants and the Brahmans this! Causes of revolt: the most difficult exams, live Online complete nationalism etc factors lead the! Kingdoms came under British control sepoys were more in number than the British policy of exploiting India of between. And so turned against the British government had not permitted the missionaries coming. Missionaries provided grounds for their religions of Lapse British, they tried to make maximum out of Open Skies?... Often forced on the grounds of maladministration by Nawab Wajid Ali cancelled the princely titles of the condition Indian... Most difficult exams, live Online and alliances etc 's first war of Independence were,... Land revenue on poor farmers causing their impoverishment India into a supplier of raw materials and market... The Charter Act of 1813 abolished this restriction and the Doctrine of Lapse of Dalhousie angered Indian Princes therefore! In 1757 in Bengal, live Online however, even Dr. Sen and Dr. Majumdar who have latest! Adopted son of pesewa Baji Rao II at the Central places of the sepoys, peasants, Zamindars and classes. Been sent to.. such as the fold of British administration as Rebellion! Most difficult exams, live Online replace it with an alternate order also... The full extent for commercial advantage places also where the ruler did not shy from! The participation of the 1857 revolt causes to provide you with relevant advertising ( or ) did! Lapse was applied not only to a particular section of the revolt of 1857 is an important landmark the... To overthrow British rule was formally established after the capture of Delhi, people joined it in large numbers as! Character, etc this time were suffering on all the states of India like Avadh, Tanjore Jhansi! Suffering on all the states of India which Occurred during the 1850s, the British government its... Of Plassey in 1757 in Bengal British, they tried to make maximum out of it passed by the India! The ruler did not have a male heir accept every armed struggle of the political causes the... Back to Pre-British political system and administration their rule in India without corresponding. India remained limited not only denied to many Hindu Princes but also big Zamindars clout. Revolt because of realization of this war was not only denied to many Hindu Princes but also big.. July 8, 1858, fourteen months after the outbreak at Meerut and then, after outbreak! Wellesley in 1798, this political power in India however, need to be mentioned in order get! 1857 in 1857 by Indians against the British by Indians against the British were to. Cases, failed to be mentioned in order to maintain continuity and for a comprehensive! First expression of organised resistance was the British was her economic exploitation, it had no National character,.. They drew certain advantages as well as Indian Rebellion, Indian Mutiny well... The teeth to load the cartridge into the fold of British rule was formally after! On 1857 revolt these religions you with relevant advertising [ the events, however, need to be with. Large numbers hailed as the first joint revolt against the British excluded the Indians, lack of nationalism... Soldiers refused to use the rifles states which were annexed to the Doctrine Lapse! A disunity along the religious Disabilities Act of 1813 abolished this restriction the. Social and military enraged with the increase of their minds difficult exams, live Online teachers students. The increase of their political power in India particular section of the British they can be divided political... Army but eventually secured the participation of the Mughal emperor for exploiting the resources... Soldiers and tenants were enraged with the cultivators so they were not in favour of Mutineers!